Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011, Community Report: Gopalganj Zila
  Bangladesh has a long tradition of population censuses. After the country gained
Independence, the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) was established in 1974, bringing
together the former Provincial Bureau of Statistics, the Central Statistical Office. the
Population Census Organization of Home Ministry, the Agriculture Census Commission and
the Agriculture Bureau of Statistics of the Agriculture Ministry. The first census of
independent Bangladesh was held in 1974. Subsequent censuses were conducted in 1981,
1991 and 2001.

Following the decennial tradition of conducting the Population Census, the fifth decennial
census was conducted from the 15th to 19th of March, 2011, which corresponds with the
1th to the 5th of Chaitro, 1417 on the Bengali calendar. The main objectives of the census were
to enumerate all the households and the people in the country at one point of time.
As recommended by the National Statistical Council (NSC) the entire census work has three
phases. In Phase I, basic information of all households and individual persons was collected
using a short questionnaire designed for data capture through Intelligent Character
Recognition (lCR). ln Phase 2, a Post Enumeration Check (PEC) survey was conducted for
evaluation of the quality and extent of coverage of the main census. Finally, in Phase 3, a
Sample Census will be conducted to collect detailed information on housing, households,
Population and their socio-demographic characteristics. The field work relating to Phase 1
and 2 has been completed; the field work relating to Phase 3 is expected to be completed by
October, 2011.

A Standing Technical Committee, comprised of well known experts in various disciplines,
was formed to provide advice to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics on various matters
relating to the Census. Two data users conferences were organized by the Bangladesh Bureau
of Statistics, where various census data users and subject matter experts participated and
exchanged their views regarding data requirements, coverage and presentation. The census
questionnaire was finalized after due consideration of the recommendations of the Standing
Technical Committee, results from pre-tests and the consensus developed in the conferences.
The census questionnaire was designed for data capture through ICR equipment and had two
modules: 1) a housing and household module with 11 questions and 2) an individual module
with l4 questions. A modified de-facto method was adopted for enumeration. The floating
population was counted on Census night from midnight (zero hour) to 6:00 a.m. on March
14th,2011. individuals engaged in night duty or in transit were counted in their respective
households. Consequently, the census provides a count of the number of households and
individuals that were present in Bangladesh on census night.