Government and Rural Transformation: Role of Public Spending and Policies in Bangladesh
  About the book

The book depicts an analytical picture of the socio-economic transformation of the economy of Bangladesh, particularly of the agriculture and rural sector. Transformation is explained as improved conditions of life and living, through expanded access to income, health, education, energy, transportation services and protection against vulnerability. Public expenditure and policies to support development of infrastructure, technology, institutions, private initiatives of collective organizations, including NGO’s, and numerous individual ventures contributed to the transformation. While a large number of causal factors underlying the transformation are recognized, the synergy of all factors that constitutes the basic source of success. This synergy reinforces impacts of one another and induces growth of new innovative activities. The past twenty-five years provide the canvas for the depiction of transformation presented in the book. Based on lessons of the past and the emerging global scene, and of rural economy of Bangladesh- a vision for the future two decades of economic development is portrayed. Challenges to the realization of the vision are underlined and an agenda of public actions to be taken is outlined. In an extremely dynamic world, Bangladesh has to remain constantly alert to changing events in domestic, regional and global contexts. Development of internal capacities for analysis, design and implementation of socio-economic programmes is thus a crucial requirement. The book is destined to become an essential handbook on agricultural economy of Bangladesh.

Raisuddin Ahmed is currently an Emeritus Research Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C., U.S.A. He has served at IFPRI for 25 years and was the Director of the Markets and Structural Studies division of the Institute before becoming an Emeritus Research Fellow in 2001. Prior to his service at IFPRI, he worked at the Planning Commission and the Ministry of Agriculture of the Government 0 Bangladesh. At IFPRI, he conducted research on agricultural production, trade, marketing and pricing policies in Asia and Africa. He has also studied the effects of infrastructure and technological policies on agricultural productivity, rural employment, and rural income distribution. Dr. Ahmed has published many journal articles, research reports, and books. Among his many publications are two books, Price Policies for Developing Countries co-edited with John Mellor, and Out of the Shadow of Famine: Evolving Food Markets and Food Policy in Bangladesh, co-edited with Steven Haggblade and Tawfiq-e-Elahi Chowdhury. Both of these books were published by the John Hopkins University Press. He received an M.A. in economics and a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from the Michigan State University, an M.S. in agricultural economics from the American University of Beirut, and a B.S. in agricultural sciences from Dhaka University.

Dr. Mohinder S. Mudahar is currently an International Consultant with the World Bank, Washington, D.c., where he was formerly a Country Manager. His last assignment was as Economic Advisor in the World Bank Country Office in Bangladesh. he has also worked in the International Fertilizer Development Center and taught at Cornell University, USA. He obtained an M.Sc. degree in agricultural economics from the Punjab Agricultural University, India; and an M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in economics from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA. He has published several monographs, journal articles and papers dealing with agriculture and rural development in South Asia, Central Asia, East Asia, Africa and countries in the former Soviet Union.